Glossary of terms

 
D-RING
- Mechanism of the “D” type.
- Makes turning the pages easy.
- Available in 2 and 4 ring versions, with capacity ranging from 13 to 52 mm, in some versions up to 65mm. 
- One of the most popular mechanisms. 
O-RING
- “O” mechanism, also known as “R” mechanism.
- A classic mechanism, which can be fitted both at the spine or the cover of the file.
- Makes turning the pages very easy and is highly recommended for bigger publications.
- Available in 2 and 4 ring versions, with capacity ranging from 13, 16, 20, 25 and 30 mm. 
 
LEVER ARCH MECHANISM
- This type of mechanism is especially recommended for files used for storing big amounts of documents. The mechanism is equipped with a lever which enables easy opening and closing.
- Available in 50, 70 and 80 mm height. 
 
 
CAPACITY AND MECHANISM HEIGHT
- The height of the mechanism is measured from the base to the top of the ring.
- The capacity is measured from the inside of the mechanism.
 
COVERING
- The covering is a printed sheet of paper, used for the outside of the file or folder. After the printing, it is laminated (matt or gloss film), to protect the printing.
 
FLYLEAF
- The flyleaf is a printed sheet of paper, used for the inside of the file or folder.
COVERING AND FLYLEAF PRINTING TECHNIQUES
- Offset printing – full colour printing (CMYK) and other colours (Pantene and HKS) on coated paper, gloss or matt and not coated paper: offset paper.
- Screen printing – separate colours on coated and not coated paper and on PCV, PP and PE. 
FILM
- Film laminating, matt or gloss, to protect the printing.
HOT STAMPING 
- Embossing on the cover using coloured film or no film (“blind embossing”)
 
PREPARATION 
- Includes making the graphic design, according to specific order instructions, after order confirmation, together with proof making to verify the colours.
 
COLOUR PATTERN 
- For colour patterns in screen printing we use cromalin or digital proof. 
CROMALIN
- It can be defined as analogue proof, an impression made from a plate prepared for the print house. 
DIGITAL PROOF
- Print with the use of a special printer (ink, dye-sublimation printer, thermal transfer printer, etc.), using special materials and software. Digital proof is less expensive than analogue proof, and can be used to verify colours in digital printing, without the use of plates.  One of the drawbacks of this technique is the lack of raster, showing colour fidelity only as a whole. 
 

 

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